CamNtech Research Library

CamNtech products have been trusted by specialist researchers for over 25 years.

Our research library contains peer reviewed publications citing the use of our devices.

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Found 152 Results

Association of Sleep Quality With Greater Left Ventricular Mass in Children Aged 9 to 11 Years

Objective Research has consistently found associations between sleep characteristics and cardiovascular disease risk in children, adolescents, and adults. Although primarily investigated in clinical samples (e.g., in those with sleep disorders), greater left ventricular mass is associated with poor sleep quality in nonclinical adult populations as well; however, this has not been evaluated in children or […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: April 1, 2021

Effect of the depth of cold water immersion on sleep architecture and recovery among well-trained male endurance runners.

Introduction: The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of the depth of cold water immersion (CWI) (whole-body with head immersed and partial-body CWI) after high-intensity, intermittent running exercise on sleep architecture and recovery kinetics among well-trained runners. Methods: In a randomized, counterbalanced order, 12 well-trained male endurance runners (V.O2max = 66.0 […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: March 31, 2021

Brain reactivity to humorous films is affected by insomnia

Study objectives Emotional reactivity to negative stimuli has been investigated in insomnia, but little is known about emotional reactivity to positive stimuli and its neural representation. Methods We used 3T fMRI to determine neural reactivity during the presentation of standardized short, 10-40-s, humorous films in insomnia patients (n=20, 18 females, aged 27.7 +/- 8.6 years) […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: March 27, 2021

Lights Out: Examining Sleep in Children with Vision Impairment

Sleep is crucial for development across cognitive, physical, and social-emotional domains. Sleep quality and quantity impact domains of daytime functioning, attainment, and global development. Previous work has explored sleep profiles in typically developing children and children with developmental disorders such as Down syndrome and Williams Syndrome, yet there is a complete absence of published work […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: March 26, 2021

Reshaping the path of vascular cognitive impairment with resistance training: a study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

Background Subcortical ischemic vascular cognitive impairment (SIVCI) is the most common form of vascular cognitive impairment. Importantly, SIVCI is considered the most treatable form of cognitive impairment in older adults, due to its modifiable risk factors such as hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and hypercholesterolemia. Exercise training is a promising intervention to delay the progression of SIVCI, […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: March 18, 2021

Sleep characteristics of highly trained wheelchair rugby athletes with and without a cervical spinal cord injury during the competitive season

Sleep behaviours although significantly relevant to exercise recovery are poorly characterised in Para-sport athletes. Therefore, the main aims were to describe sleep quality and quantity of highly trained wheelchair rugby (WR) athletes during the competitive season, and to investigate whether impairment type or attending a training camp influenced sleep outcomes. Eighteen male WR athletes (mean […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: March 17, 2021

Understanding fatigue in a naval submarine: Applying biomathematical models and workload measurement in an intensive longitudinal design

Fatigue is a critically important aspect of crew endurance in submarine operations, with continuously high fatigue being associated with increased risk of human error and long-term negative health ramifications. Submarines pose several unique challenges to fatigue mitigation, including requirements for continuous manning for long durations, a lack of access to critical environmental zeitgebers (stimuli pertinent […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: March 16, 2021

Alterations of the cardiovascular rhythms and sleep quality in esophageal cancer patients

In humans, there is a daily rhythm in blood pressure and is one of the known risk factors for different types of cardiovascular diseases. Sleep quality is an important clinical construct. Daytime sleepiness is common sleep related clinical problem, suggesting a serious underlying physiological anomaly. Most of the studies have been done in reference to […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: March 16, 2021

Temporal dynamics of depression, cognitive performance and sleep in older persons with depressive symptoms and cognitive impairments: a series of eight single-subject studies

Objectives: To investigate the presence, nature and direction of the daily temporal association between depressive symptoms, cognitive performance and sleep in older individuals. Design, setting, participants: Single-subject study design in eight older adults with cognitive impairments and depressive symptoms. Measurements: For 63 consecutive days, depressive symptoms, working memory performance and night-time sleep duration were daily […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: March 15, 2021

Accuracy of Actigraphy Compared to Concomitant Ambulatory Polysomnography in Narcolepsy and Other Sleep Disorders

Actigraphy provides longitudinal sleep data over multiple nights. It is a less expensive and less cumbersome method for measuring sleep than polysomnography. Studies assessing accuracy of actigraphy compared to ambulatory polysomnography in different sleep-disordered patients are rare. We aimed to compare the concordance between these methods in clinical setting. We included 290 clinical measurements of […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: March 4, 2021

The Relationships Between Training Load, Type of Sport, and Sleep Among High-Level Adolescent Athletes

Purpose: To evaluate the effects of sporting activities, training loads, and athletes’ characteristics on sleep among high-level adolescent athletes, in a controlled training and academic environment. Methods: A total of 128 high-level adolescent athletes (age = 15.2 [2.0] y), across 9 different sports, completed common sleep questionnaires and were monitored daily (7.3 [2.7] d) during a typical […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: February 25, 2021

The Effects of Genetic Background for Diurnal Preference on Sleep Development in Early Childhood

Purpose No previous research has examined the impact of the genetic background of diurnal preference on children´s sleep. Here, we examined the effects of genetic risk score for the liability of diurnal preference on sleep development in early childhood in two population-based cohorts from Finland. Participants and Methods The primary sample (CHILD-SLEEP, CS) comprised 1420 […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: February 16, 2021

Periodic Leg Movements’ Diagnosis in Spinal Cord Injury: Actigraphy as an Alternative for Polysomnography?

Periodic Limb Movements during Sleep (PLMs) are episodes of repetitive, stereotypical, hallux or foot movements. They could induce sleep disturbance, fatigue, daytime sleepiness and impaired quality of life but also increased cardiovascular risk by rising heart rate and blood pressure at night. Gold standard for PLMs diagnosis is based on electromyographic recording of tibialis anterior […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: February 11, 2021

The travel demands of an elite rugby sevens team: Effects on objective and subjective sleep parameters

Purpose: To explore the effects of travel related to international rugby sevens competition on sleep patterns. Methods: A total of 17 international male rugby sevens players participated in this study. Actigraphic and subjective sleep assessments were performed daily during 2 separate Sevens World Series competition legs (Oceania and America). The duration of each competition leg […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: February 4, 2021

DPSleep: Open-Source Longitudinal Sleep Analysis From Accelerometer Data

Wearable devices are now widely available to collect continuous objective behavioral data from individuals and to measure sleep. Here we introduce a pipeline to infer sleep onset, duration, and quality from raw accelerometer data and then quantify relationships between derived sleep metrics and other variables of interest. The pipeline released here for the deep phenotyping […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: February 4, 2021

The complexity of sleep disorders in dialysis patients

Background Dialysis patients experience a high burden of physical and emotional symptoms directly affecting their sleep and quality of life. In this study, objective and subjective measurements to quantify sleep were performed, compared with those of healthy controls, and associated with burden of comorbidity and uraemic toxicity. Methods A total of 64 dialysis patients were […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: January 19, 2021

Excessive sleepiness in patients with psychosis: An initial investigation

Clinical experience indicates that excessive sleepiness and hypersomnia may be a common issue for patients with psychosis. Excessive sleepiness is typically ascribed to the sedating effects of antipsychotic medications but there may be other potential contributors such as sleep disorders and depression. Furthermore, the impact of excessive sleepiness itself on patients’ symptoms and general wellbeing […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: January 15, 2021

Sleep, Prospective Memory, and Immune Status among People Living with HIV

Background: Persons living with HIV (PLWH) frequently report sleep complaints, but objective measurements are still lacking regarding sleep continuity, total sleep time per 24 h, and the links with both prospective memory performance and HIV infection parameters. Methods: PLWH (n = 96) and control (n = 96) groups (balanced for gender and age) were monitored […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: January 8, 2021

Sleep and Activity Patterns Are Altered During Early Critical Illness in Mechanically Ventilated Adults

Background Mechanically ventilated (MV) patients in the intensive care unit (ICU) often experience disturbed sleep and profound inactivity. Objectives The aim of this study was to report 5 consecutive days’ descriptive analyses on sleep efficiency (SE), total sleep time (TST), daytime activity ratio (DAR), and hourly activity counts among critically ill MV adults from 9 […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: January 1, 2021

pyActigraphy: open-source python package for actigraphy data visualisation and analysis

Over the past 40 years, actigraphy has been used to study rest-activity patterns in circadian rhythm and sleep research. Furthermore, considering its simplicity of use, there is a growing interest in the analysis of large population-based samples, using actigraphy. Here, we introduce pyActigraphy, a comprehensive toolbox for data visualization and analysis including multiple sleep detection […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: December 3, 2020

Taking the sleep lab to the field: Biometric techniques for quantifying sleep and circadian rhythms in humans

Objectives Remarkably, the specifics of sleep along the human lineage have been slow to emerge, which is surprising given our distinct mental and behavioral capacity and the importance of sleep for individual health and cognitive performance. Largely due to difficultly of measuring sleep outside a controlled, clinical, and laboratory study in ambulatory individuals, human biologists […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: November 30, 2020

Cross-participant prediction of vigilance stages through the combined use of wPLI and wSMI EEG functional connectivity metrics

Functional connectivity (FC) metrics describe brain inter-regional interactions and may complement information provided by common power-based analyses. Here we investigated whether the FC-metrics weighted Phase Lag Index (wPLI) and weighted Symbolic Mutual Information (wSMI) may unveil functional differences across four stages of vigilance – wakefulness (W), NREM-N2, NREM-N3 and REM sleep – with respect to […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: November 21, 2020

Sleep and Cognition in Children with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) and Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD)

Children with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) and Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) experience significantly higher rates of sleep disturbances than their typically developing peers. However, little is known about the association between sleep and the cognitive phenotype in these clinical populations. Structural damage affecting cortical and subcortical connectivity occurs as a result of prenatal alcohol […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: November 16, 2020

The relationship of sleep duration and quality to energy expenditure and physical activity in children

Background Shorter sleep duration has been linked to the risk for obesity in children. The pathways linking sleep duration and quality to the risk of obesity are unclear, particularly the effect of sleep on energetics. Objective We investigated the relationship between sleep duration, quality and timing in children, to the basal metabolic rate (BMR), total […]

Related Product: Actiheart

Publication Date: November 15, 2020

Objective sleep patterns and validity of self-reported sleep monitoring across different playing levels in rugby union

BACKGROUND: Growing evidence highlights that elite rugby union players experience poor sleep quality and quantity which can be detrimental for performance OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to i) compare objective sleep measures of rugby union players between age categories over a one week period, and ii) compare self-reported measures of sleep to wristwatch actigraphy as the […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: October 1, 2020

Use of actigraphy and sleep diaries to assess sleep and academic performance in pharmacy students

Introduction Sleep parameters have been shown to correlate with academic performance. Current studies assessing sleep in doctor of pharmacy (PharmD) students rely on self-reported sleep parameters and academic performance. The objectives of this study were to describe and compare sleep parameters in pharmacy students using actigraphy and sleep diaries and to assess the correlation of […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: August 30, 2020

An Automatic Estimation of the Rest-Interval for MotionWatch8© Using Uniaxial Movement and Lux Data

Poor sleep is linked with chronic conditions common in older adults, including diabetes, heart disease, and dementia. Valid and reliable field methods to objectively measure sleep are thus greatly needed to examine how poor sleep impacts older adults. Wrist-worn actigraphy (WWA) is a common objective measure of sleep that uses motion and illuminance data to […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: August 24, 2020

Binocular Vision, Visual Function, and Pupil Dynamics in People Living With Dementia and Their Relation to the Rate of Cognitive Decline and Structural Changes Within the Brain: Protocol for an Observational Study

Background: Visual impairment is a common comorbidity in people living with dementia. Addressing sources of visual difficulties can have a significant impact on the quality of life for people living with dementia and their caregivers. Depth perception problems are purportedly common in dementia and also contribute to falls, visuomotor task difficulties, and poorer psychosocial well-being. […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: August 10, 2020

Local increases in sleep-like activity predict the occurrence of emotion suppression failures

Emotion self-regulation relies both on cognitive and behavioral strategies implemented to modulate the subjective experience and/or the behavioral expression of a given emotion. While it is known that a network encompassing fronto-cingulate and parietal brain areas is engaged during successful emotion regulation, the functional mechanisms underlying failures in emotion suppression are still unclear. In order […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: August 5, 2020

Reduced Neuromuscular Performance in Night Shift Orthopedic Nurses: New Insights From a Combined Electromyographic and Force Signals Approach

The effect of sleep–wake rhythm disruption on neuromuscular control and muscle fatigue has received little attention. Because nurse shift work is so varied, including overnight duty, rotating shift schedules, early awakening, and interrupted nocturnal sleep, it offers an interesting model to study this paradigm. It has been investigated so far using only subjective markers. A […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: June 30, 2020

The clinical relevance of early identification and treatment of sleep disorders in mental health care: protocol of a randomized control trial

Background Sleep disorders are a risk factor for developing a variety of mental disorders, have a negative impact on their remission rates and increase the risk of relapse. Early identification and treatment of sleep disorders is therefore of paramount importance. Unfortunately, in mental health care sleep disorders are often poorly recognized and specific treatment frequently […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: June 24, 2020

Is disruption of sleep quality a consequence of severe Covid-19 infection?

The Covid-19 outbreak put enormous stress on the health system worldwide, and objective data to handle the emergency are still needed. We aimed to objectively assess the consequence of severe symptoms of Covid-19 infection on sleep quality through wrist actigraphy monitoring of four patients during the sub-acute recovery stage of the disease. The sleep of […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: June 23, 2020

Toward a Better Understanding of the Reciprocal Relations Between Adolescent Psychological Need Experiences and Sleep

In two diary studies, we examined the reciprocal daily association between the satisfaction and frustration of adolescents’ basic psychological needs and sleep, and the role of stress and fatigue in these associations. In Study 1 (N = 211; 52% female; Mage = 15.86 years, SD = 1.18 years), daily need experiences were unrelated to daily […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: June 19, 2020

Light effects on circadian and homeostatic regulation: alertness increases independent of time awake

Study Objectives To determine how sleepiness and sleep deprivation drive the motivation to engage in different behaviors. Methods We studied the sleepiness of 123 participants who had been randomized to sleep deprivation or normal sleep, and their willingness to engage in a range of everyday behaviors. Results Self-reported sleepiness was a strong predictor of the […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: June 6, 2020

Early manifestation of sleep problems in toddlers with Williams Syndrome using a mixed method longitudinal approach

Children with neurodevelopmental disorders commonly experience sleep problems. Williams Syndrome (WS), a rare genetic disorder characterised by a complex, uneven cognitive profile, is no exception. Compared with children with typical development (TD), school-aged children with WS experience significant sleep disruption: shorter sleep duration, more night wakings, greater bedtime resistance and excessive daytime tiredness. In children […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: June 3, 2020

Sleep duration, sleep variability, and impairments of visual attention

Attentional networks are sensitive to sleep deprivation. However, variation in attentional performance as a function of normal sleep parameters is understudied. We examined whether attentional performance is influenced by (a) individual differences in sleep duration, (b) sleep duration variability, and/or (c) their interaction. A total of 57 healthy participants (61.4% female, Mage = 32.37 years, SD = 8.68) completed questionnaires, […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: June 1, 2020

Gateways, Disparities, and Finals Week, Oh My! Translating Sleep Science from the Laboratory to the Classroom

Introduction Organic chemistry can be an insurmountable “gateway” course for otherwise-qualified students in pre-health pathways. Recent data indicate that organic chemistry increases drop-out risk for females and underrepresented minority students (URMs), raising the provocative possibility that sleep disparities are an underrecognized contributor to achievement gaps in gateway STEM courses. Methods In Study 1, 481 students […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: May 27, 2020

Subjective–objective sleep discrepancy in patients with insomnia during and after cognitive behavioural therapy: An actigraphy study

Although patients with insomnia often show a discrepancy between self‐reported and objective sleep parameters, the role of and change in this phenomenon during treatment remain unclear. The present study aimed to assess the effect of cognitive behavioural therapy for insomnia on subjective and objective sleep discrepancy of total sleep time, sleep‐onset latency and wake after […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: May 20, 2020

Effect of a Multimodal Lifestyle Intervention on Sleep and Cognitive Function in Older Adults with Probable Mild Cognitive Impairment and Poor Sleep: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Background:Poor sleep is common among older adults with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and may contribute to further cognitive decline. Whether multimodal lifestyle intervention that combines bright light therapy (BLT), physical activity (PA), and good sleep hygiene can improve sleep in older adults with MCI and poor sleep is unknown. Objective:To assess the effect of a […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: May 19, 2020

Observation and interview-based diurnal sleepiness inventory for measurement of sleepiness in patients referred for narcolepsy or idiopathic hypersomnia

STUDY OBJECTIVES:First, to determine whether the three-item ODSI (Observation and interview based Diurnal Sleepiness Inventory) measures the degree of excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) in patients with suspected narcolepsy or idiopathic hypersomnia (IH). Second, to assess the correlation between the ODSI and the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) as well as objective polysomnographic measurements. Third, to test […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: May 14, 2020

Feasibility of a complex setting for assessing sleep and circadian rhythmicity in a Fragile X cohort

Introduction Sleep, circadian rhythms, (mental) health, and development are assumed to be intertwined. However, differentiated and reliable parameters of sleep and circadian rhythms are particularly difficult to assess for Fragile X (FXS) individuals. As those parameters need to be observed in complex settings, the feasibility of measurements for people with FXS was to be proven. […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: May 14, 2020

Procrastination, Affective State, Rumination, and Sleep Quality: Investigating Reciprocal Effects with Ambulatory Assessment

Procrastination is a prevalent problem among university students and associated with high long-term costs, but the short-term antecedents and consequences of procrastination are not well understood. Some related negative outcomes could be consequences as well as predictors of procrastination. The aim of the present study was to investigate possible reciprocal associations of affective, cognitive and […]

Related Product: PRO-Diary

Publication Date: May 6, 2020

Schizophrenia-associated variation at ZNF804A correlates with altered experience-dependent dynamics of sleep slow-waves and spindles in healthy young adults

Background The rs1344706 polymorphism in ZNF804A is robustly associated with schizophrenia (SZ), yet brain and behavioral phenotypes related to this variant have not been extensively characterized. In turn, SZ is associated with abnormal non-rapid eye movement (NREM) sleep neurophysiology. To examine whether rs1344706 is associated with intermediate neurophysiological traits in the absence of disease, we […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: May 3, 2020

Sleep disturbance in atopic dermatitis: a case–control study using actigraphy and smartphone‐collected questionnaires

Introduction Atopic dermatitis (AD) has a significant impact on quality of life, particularly related to sleep disorders secondary to pruritus. The aim of this study was to assess the sleep of patients with AD and compare it to that of healthy volunteers (SV) using a wrist activity monitor and a smartphone app. Material and methods […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: April 22, 2020

Refining sleep measurement using the Motionwatch8©: How many days of monitoring do we need to get reliable estimates of sleep quality for older adults with Mild Cognitive Impairment?

Background Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is a transition stage between healthy cognition and dementia, and is linked to poorer sleep. Objective, reliable, and low-burden field methods to measure older adult sleep are also currently needed. The MotionWatch8© (MW8) wrist-worn actigraph provides estimates of sleep with 14 days of observation; however, there may be underlying differences […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: April 3, 2020

Fractal biomarker of activity in patients with bipolar disorder

Background The output of many healthy physiological systems displays fractal fluctuations with self-similar temporal structures. Altered fractal patterns are associated with pathological conditions. There is evidence that patients with bipolar disorder have altered daily behaviors. Methods To test whether fractal patterns in motor activity are altered in patients with bipolar disorder, we analyzed 2-week actigraphy […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: April 1, 2020

The relationship between sleep disturbance, symptoms and daytime functioning in psoriasis: a prospective study integrating actigraphy and experience sampling methodology

Objective/background Sleep disturbance is common in individuals with psoriasis and appears to be related to both physical and psychological factors. We sought to examine whether psoriasis symptoms, night-time arousal and low mood predicted subsequent objective and self-reported sleep; and whether objective and self-reported sleep predicted next-day psoriasis symptoms and day-time functioning. Participants/Methods A total of […]

Related Product: PRO-Diary

Publication Date: March 23, 2020

Napping in high-performance athletes: sleepiness or sleepability?

Daytime napping is a common practice in high-performance athletes, and is widely assumed to reflect sleepiness arising from sports-related sleep debt. The possibility that athlete naps may also be indicative of ‘sleepability’, a capacity to nap on demand that is only weakly related to homeostatic sleep pressure, has not previously been tested. The present study […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: March 16, 2020

Prospective association between suicide cognitions and emotional responses to a laboratory stressor: The mediating role of nightly subjective sleep quality

Background Sleep is a reliable correlate of suicidal thoughts and behaviors (STBs), yet few studies have directly examined negative affect in the context of this association. The present study combined daily experience methods with a laboratory paradigm to investigate suicide cognitions as a predictor of emotional responses to environmental stressors, and tested the role of […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: March 15, 2020

Sleep and intrusive memories immediately after a traumatic event in emergency department patients

Study objectives Intrusive memories of psychological trauma are a core clinical feature of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and in the early period post-trauma may be a potential target for early intervention. Disrupted sleep in the weeks post-trauma is associated with later PTSD. The impact of sleep and intrusive memories immediately post-trauma, and their relation to […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: March 5, 2020

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