Publications

CamNtech Research Library

CamNtech products have been trusted by specialist researchers for over 25 years.

Our research library contains peer reviewed publications citing the use of our devices.

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Found 1105 Results

Use of the Polar V800 and Actiheart 5 heart rate monitors for the assessment of heart rate variability (HRV) in horses

Heart rate variability (HRV) is a commonly used metric in animal science to quantify an aspect of the physiological response to stressors. HRV analysis relies upon accurate detection of the electrical activity of the heart to define inter-beat interval (IBI). In horses, this can be problematic due to specific features of the equine ECG waveform […]

Related Product: Actiheart

Publication Date: July 19, 2021


A randomized controlled trial to isolate the effects of fasting and energy restriction on weight loss and metabolic health in lean adults

Intermittent fasting may impart metabolic benefits independent of energy balance by initiating fasting-mediated mechanisms. This randomized controlled trial examined 24-hour fasting with 150% energy intake on alternate days for 3 weeks in lean, healthy individuals (0:150; n = 12). Control groups involved a matched degree of energy restriction applied continuously without fasting (75% energy intake […]

Related Product: Actiheart

Publication Date: July 13, 2021


How can we better prepare new doctors for the tasks and challenges of ward rounds?: An observational study of junior doctors’ experiences

Purpose Ward rounds play a crucial role in the delivery of patient care in inpatient settings, but involve a complex mix of tasks, skills and challenges for junior doctors to negotiate. This study informs the development of high-quality training by identifying the activities that junior doctors perform, and those associated with stress during real-life ward […]

Related Product: Actiheart

Publication Date: July 5, 2021


Circadian rhythm and quality of life in older adults

Sleep is critical to physical and mental health for people of all ages, but older adults are particularly vulnerable to the consequences of poor sleep health. The purpose of this pilot study was to explore patterns of sleep and the relationships between circadian rhythm disorders and quantity of life in 34 community-dwelling older adults. Participants […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: June 17, 2021


Validity and reliability of the Suggested Immobilization Test for measurement of restless legs syndrome severity in adults with multiple sclerosis

Objective/Background Adults with multiple sclerosis (MS) often present with conditions that mimic restless legs syndrome (RLS), thereby adding complexity into the assessment of RLS severity. The current gold-standard measures of RLS severity rely on a fixed seven-day time frame, which limits the ability of these measures for studying acute changes in RLS severity. The present […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: June 16, 2021


Individual differences in the temporal relationship between sleep and agitation: a single-subject study in nursing home residents with dementia experiencing sleep disturbance and agitation

Objectives Previous studies on the interrelationship between sleep and agitation relied on group-aggregates and so results may not be applicable to individuals. This proof-of-concept study presents the single-subject study design with time series analysis as a method to evaluate the association between sleep and agitation in individual nursing home residents using actigraphy. Method To record […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: June 15, 2021


Time-of-day effects on objective and subjective short-term memory task performance

The time-of-day along with the synchrony effect (better performance at optimal times of the day according to the chronotype) on the cognitive performance has been well established in previous research. This influence is mediated by both circadian and homeostatic processes consistent with the Borbély two-process model. This experiment focused on the objective and subjective performance […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: June 14, 2021


A feedforward neural network for drone accident prediction from physiological signals

Purpose As drones are rapidly transforming tasks such as mapping and surveying, safety inspection and progress monitoring, human operators continue to play a critical role in ensuring safe drone missions in compliance with safety regulations and standard operating procedures. Research shows that operator’s stress and fatigue are leading causes of drone accidents. Building upon the […]

Related Product: Actiheart

Publication Date: June 9, 2021


Efficacy of early warning signals and spectral periodicity for predicting transitions in bipolar patients: An actigraphy study

Early-warning signals (EWS) have been successfully employed to predict transitions in research fields such as biology, ecology, and psychiatry. The predictive properties of EWS might aid in foreseeing transitions in mood episodes (i.e. recurrent episodes of mania and depression) in bipolar disorder (BD) patients. We analyzed actigraphy data assessed during normal daily life to investigate […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: June 7, 2021


The CHD8/CHD7/Kismet family links blood-brain barrier glia and serotonin to ASD-associated sleep defects

Sleep disturbances in autism and neurodevelopmental disorders are common and adversely affect patient’s quality of life, yet the underlying mechanisms are understudied. We found that individuals with mutations in CHD8, among the highest-confidence autism risk genes, or CHD7 suffer from disturbed sleep maintenance. These defects are recapitulated in Drosophila mutants affecting kismet, the sole CHD8/CHD7 […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: June 4, 2021


Registration of 24-hour accelerometric rest-activity profiles and its application to human chronotypes

By collecting data continuously over 24 hours, accelerometers and other wearable devices can provide novel insights into circadian rhythms and their relationship to human health. Existing approaches for analyzing diurnal patterns using these data, including the cosinor model and functional principal component analysis, have revealed and quantified population-level diurnal patterns, but considerable subject-level variability remained […]

Related Product: Actiheart

Publication Date: May 31, 2021


Sleep duration regularity as a predictor of the cardiovascular response to acute exercise

High-intensity exercise represents a challenge for the cardiovascular system, especially under conditions of insufficient sleep. For example, following one night of partial sleep restriction, healthy young men exhibited increased heart rate, minute ventilation, and plasma lactate concentration during submaximal and maximal exercise compared to one night of normal sleep [1]. In addition to sleep duration, […]

Related Product: Actiheart

Publication Date: May 31, 2021


Gibbon sleep quantified: the influence of lunar phase and meteorological variables on activity in Hylobates moloch and Hylobates pileatus

Sleep in the primate order remains understudied, with quantitative estimates of sleep duration available for less than 10% of primate species. Even fewer species have had their sleep synchronously quantified with meteorological data, which have been shown to influence sleep–wake regulatory behaviors. We report the first sleep duration estimates in two captive gibbon species, the […]

Related Product: Actiwatch Mini

Publication Date: May 30, 2021


Effects of short-term graded dietary carbohydrate intake on intramuscular and whole-body metabolism during moderate-intensity exercise

Altering dietary carbohydrate (CHO) intake modulates fuel utilization during exercise. However, there has been no systematic evaluation of metabolic responses to graded changes in short-term (< 1 week) dietary CHO intake. Thirteen active men performed interval running exercise combined with isocaloric diets over 3 days before evaluation of metabolic responses to 60-min running at 65% […]

Related Product: Actiheart

Publication Date: May 27, 2021


Adolescent Endurance Runners Exhibit Suboptimal Energy Availability and Intakes of Key Nutrients

Backgroud: Despite the evidence of an elevated prevalence of low bone mass in adolescent endurance runners, reports on dietary intake in this population is limited. Objectives: This study aimed to evaluate energy availability (EA) and dietary intake among 72 (n = 60 female, n = 12 male) high school cross-country runners. Methods: The sample consisted of a combined dataset […]

Related Product: Actiheart

Publication Date: May 25, 2021


Low Physical Activity Is Associated With Impaired Endothelial Function in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes and Controls After 5 Years of Follow-up

Background: The long-term association between physical activity and endothelial function has not previously been investigated in patients with type 2 diabetes. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate the relationship between physical activity and endothelial function, estimated by peripheral arterial tonometry, in patients with type 2 diabetes and non-diabetic controls after 5 years of follow-up. Methods: : […]

Related Product: Actiheart

Publication Date: May 20, 2021


Socio‐economic inequalities, modifiable lifestyle risk factors and retinal vessel calibers: The African‐PREDICT Study

Objective Lifestyle risk factors vary between socioeconomic status (SES) groups and may influence cardiovascular function differently. The retinal microvasculature allows for monitoring early changes in cardiovascular health, therefore we investigated whether retinal vessel calibers associate differently with modifiable risk factors in different SES groups. Methods We included 1064 young adults (aged 20-30 years) grouped by […]

Related Product: Actiheart

Publication Date: May 19, 2021


Clock genes determination in whole blood in goats housed under a long light cycle

An innate 24 h circadian clock drives various behavioral processes via expression of clock genes that regulate circadian rhythmicity and temporal signals. Elucidating the gene expression in goats may contribute to improving the knowledge of the regulation of circadian rhythms in this species. Five nonpregnant and nonlactating Maltese goats with no evidence of disease were […]

Related Product: Actiwatch Mini

Publication Date: May 15, 2021


MotionWatch 8 Wrist Actimetry Data Analysis: from ambulatory recording to real life monitoring

On the National Sleep Research Resource (NSRR) platform, there’s a year’s worth in real-life wrist actigraphy data using a Motionwatch8. The data analysis suggested in this paper reveals a data structure that allows the design of parameters to be used in real life monitoring and may drive the developments of devices. The analysis is totally […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: May 13, 2021


Heart rate and heart rate variability as outcomes and longitudinal moderators of treatment for pain across follow-up in Veterans with Gulf War illness

Aims Accumulating evidence suggests Gulf War illness (GWI) is characterised by autonomic nervous system dysfunction (higher heart rate [HR], lower heart rate variability [HRV]). Yoga – an ancient mind-body practice combining mindfulness, breathwork, and physical postures – is proposed to improve autonomic dysfunction yet this remains untested in GWI. We aimed to determine (i) whether […]

Related Product: Actiheart

Publication Date: May 11, 2021


Cohort Profile: Multimorbidity in Children and Youth Across the Life-course (MY LIFE) Study

Objective This manuscript serves to provide an overview of the methods of the Multimorbidity in Children and Youth across the Life-course (MY LIFE) study, profile sample characteristics of the cohort, and provide baseline estimates of multimorbidity to foster collaboration with clinical and research colleagues across Canada. Method MY LIFE is comprised of 263 children (2–16 […]

Related Product: Actiheart

Publication Date: May 1, 2021


Heart rate during work and heart rate variability during the following night: a day-by-day investigation on the physical activity paradox among blue-collar workers

Objectives: Contrary to leisure-time physical activity, occupational physical activity (OPA) may have harmful health effects, called the physical activity paradox. A proposed mechanism is that OPA can elevate the heart rate (HR) for several hours per day. We aimed to investigate the association between the mean intensity of OPA and HR variability (HRV) indices the […]

Related Product: Actiheart

Publication Date: April 30, 2021


Objectifying the Subjective: The Use of Heart Rate Variability as a Psychosocial Symptom Biomarker in Hospice and Palliative Care Research

Measuring psychosocial symptoms in hospice and palliative care research is critical to understanding the patient and caregiver experience. Subjective patient-reported outcome tools have been the primary method for collecting these data in palliative care, and the growing field of biobehavioral research offers new tools that could deepen our understanding of psychosocial symptomatology. Here we describe […]

Related Product: Actiheart

Publication Date: April 29, 2021


Physical activity attenuates postprandial hyperglycaemia in homozygous TBC1D4 loss-of-function mutation carriers

Aims/hypothesis The common muscle-specific TBC1D4 p.Arg684Ter loss-of-function variant defines a subtype of non-autoimmune diabetes in Arctic populations. Homozygous carriers are characterised by elevated postprandial glucose and insulin levels. Because 3.8% of the Greenlandic population are homozygous carriers, it is important to explore possibilities for precision medicine. We aimed to investigate whether physical activity attenuates the […]

Related Product: Actiheart

Publication Date: April 29, 2021


Effects of Saffron Extract on Sleep Quality: A Randomized Double-Blind Controlled Clinical Trial

A saffron extract has been found to be effective in the context of depression and anxiety, but its effect on sleep quality has not been investigating yet using objective approaches. For this purpose, a randomized double-blind controlled study was conducted in subjects presenting mild to moderate sleep disorder associated with anxiety. Sixty-six subjects were randomized […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: April 27, 2021


Protocol for Light-Dark and Activity Rhythm Therapy for sleep: Feasibility and acceptability in Schizophrenia spectrum disorders (L-DART FitSz)

Sleep problems are common in people with diagnoses of schizophrenia spectrum disorders (> 50%), even during periods of relative stability of psychotic symptoms. Evidence suggests that people living with schizophrenia spectrum disorders are often keen to improve their sleep, but few non-pharmacological sleep treatments are available to patients in specialist mental health services. It has been […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: April 19, 2021


The courses of objective physical activity and the association with sleepiness during a 2-week-on/2-week-off offshore shift rotation: an observational repeated-measures study

Background Offshore workers are assumed to have poor health behaviours, but no studies have yet examined physical activity (PA) during a full offshore shift rotation period, including both work and at home periods. Furthermore, the relationship of PA with sleepiness, a prevalent safety hazard offshore, is not known. This study aimed to examine (1) the […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: April 17, 2021


Different Circadian Rest-Active Rhythms in Kleine-Levin Syndrome: A prospective and case-control study

Study objectives Kleine-Levin-syndrome (KLS) is a rare recurrent hypersomnia. Our study aimed at monitoring the movements of patients with KLS using actigraphy and evaluating their circadian rhythm. Methods Twenty young patients with KLS and 14 age-matched controls were recruited. Each individual wore an actigraphy for more than 6 months to monitor at least two attacks. […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: April 14, 2021


Longitudinal associations of physical activity, sedentary time, and cardiorespiratory fitness with arterial health in children–the PANIC study

We investigated the longitudinal associations of physical activity (PA), sedentary time (ST), and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) with arterial health among children. In our primary analyses, we investigated 245 children (girls 51.8%) aged 6-9 years participating in the baseline examinations who had data on arterial health at 2-year follow-up. We also utilized a subsample of 90 […]

Related Product: Actiheart

Publication Date: April 8, 2021


Comparison of Energy Expenditure Observed between Scheduled Activities in Collegiate Team-Sport Female Athletes

Energy needs of female team-sport athletes are poorly understood with no evidence highlighting differences present between scheduled activities. The purpose of this study was to examine the difference in energy expenditure between NCAA Division II female basketball (BBALL) and lacrosse (LAX) athletes during different scheduled team activities. Female BBALL (n = 13; 19.8 ± 1.3 […]

Related Product: Actiheart

Publication Date: April 2, 2021


Association of Sleep Quality With Greater Left Ventricular Mass in Children Aged 9 to 11 Years

Objective Research has consistently found associations between sleep characteristics and cardiovascular disease risk in children, adolescents, and adults. Although primarily investigated in clinical samples (e.g., in those with sleep disorders), greater left ventricular mass is associated with poor sleep quality in nonclinical adult populations as well; however, this has not been evaluated in children or […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: April 1, 2021


Sleep deprivation therapy to reset the circadian pacemaker in a non-24-hour sleep-wake disorder: a case report

Non-24-hour sleep-wake disorder (N24SWD) is one of several chronic circadian rhythm sleep-wake disorders (CRSWDs). It is defined as progressive daily shifts in sleep onset and wake times. It mainly affects sight-impaired persons, is relatively rare in sighted patients, and is difficult to treat, with no guidelines. We report a case of N24SWD in a sighted […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: April 1, 2021


Effect of the depth of cold water immersion on sleep architecture and recovery among well-trained male endurance runners.

Introduction: The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of the depth of cold water immersion (CWI) (whole-body with head immersed and partial-body CWI) after high-intensity, intermittent running exercise on sleep architecture and recovery kinetics among well-trained runners. Methods: In a randomized, counterbalanced order, 12 well-trained male endurance runners (V.O2max = 66.0 […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: March 31, 2021


Joint associations between objectively measured physical activity volume and intensity with body-fatness. The Fenland Study

Background/Objectives Physical activity energy expenditure (PAEE) represents the total volume of all physical activity. This can be accumulated as different underlying intensity profiles. Although volume and intensity have been studied in isolation, less is known about their joint association with health. We examined this association with body-fatness in a population-based sample of middle-aged British women […]

Related Product: Actiheart

Publication Date: March 28, 2021


Lunar periodic modulation of the circadian activity rhythm in a wild North Colombian night monkey (Aotus griseimembra)

South American night monkeys (genus Aotus) are the only nocturnal simian primates. Early activity recordings in North Colombian A. griseimembra monkeys kept under semi-natural conditions and extensive chronobiological studies carried out in laboratory settings revealed a strictly nocturnal behavior and strong activity enhancing (disinhibiting) effects of moonlight or corresponding luminosities during the dark time. To […]

Related Product: Actiwatch Mini

Publication Date: March 28, 2021


Brain reactivity to humorous films is affected by insomnia

Study objectives Emotional reactivity to negative stimuli has been investigated in insomnia, but little is known about emotional reactivity to positive stimuli and its neural representation. Methods We used 3T fMRI to determine neural reactivity during the presentation of standardized short, 10-40-s, humorous films in insomnia patients (n=20, 18 females, aged 27.7 +/- 8.6 years) […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: March 27, 2021


Lights Out: Examining Sleep in Children with Vision Impairment

Sleep is crucial for development across cognitive, physical, and social-emotional domains. Sleep quality and quantity impact domains of daytime functioning, attainment, and global development. Previous work has explored sleep profiles in typically developing children and children with developmental disorders such as Down syndrome and Williams Syndrome, yet there is a complete absence of published work […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: March 26, 2021


Testosterone and exercise: Effects on fitness, body composition and strength in middle-to-older aged men with low-normal serum testosterone levels

As men age, serum testosterone (T) concentrations decrease, as do fitness, strength and lean mass. Whether testosterone treatment confers additive benefit to reverse these changes when combined with exercise training in middle-to-older aged men remains unclear. We assessed the effects of T treatment and exercise, alone and in combination, on aerobic capacity (VO2peak), body composition […]

Related Product: Actiheart

Publication Date: March 19, 2021


Interspecies comparison of daily total locomotor activity between maned wolves (Chrysocyon brachyurus) and domestic dogs (Canis familiaris) maintained in captivity

The aim of the study was to extend the knowledge about to the total locomotor activity behavior in maned wolves (Chrysocyon brachyurus) through the comparison with domestic dogs (Canis familiaris). Five maned wolves housed individually in 4 m2 dens with nest boxes, and runs allowing them to move in outdoors area of 250 m2 with […]

Related Product: Actiwatch Mini

Publication Date: March 18, 2021


Reshaping the path of vascular cognitive impairment with resistance training: a study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

Background Subcortical ischemic vascular cognitive impairment (SIVCI) is the most common form of vascular cognitive impairment. Importantly, SIVCI is considered the most treatable form of cognitive impairment in older adults, due to its modifiable risk factors such as hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and hypercholesterolemia. Exercise training is a promising intervention to delay the progression of SIVCI, […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: March 18, 2021


Quantifying Circadian Aspects of Mobility-Related Behavior in Older Adults by Body-Worn Sensors—An “Active Period Analysis”

Disruptions of circadian motor behavior cause a significant burden for older adults as well as their caregivers and often lead to institutionalization. This cross-sectional study investigates the association between mobility-related behavior and subjectively rated circadian chronotypes in healthy older adults. The physical activity of 81 community-dwelling older adults was measured over seven consecutive days and […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: March 18, 2021


Sex Differences in Rest-Activity Circadian Rhythm in Patients With Metabolic Syndrome

Rest-Activity circadian Rhythm (RAR) can be used as a marker of the circadian timing system. Recent studies investigated the relationship between irregular circadian rhythms and cardiovascular risk factors such as hypertension, obesity, and dyslipidemia. These factors are related to the Metabolic Syndrome (MS), a clustering of metabolic risk factors that increases the risk of several […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: March 18, 2021


Sleep characteristics of highly trained wheelchair rugby athletes with and without a cervical spinal cord injury during the competitive season

Sleep behaviours although significantly relevant to exercise recovery are poorly characterised in Para-sport athletes. Therefore, the main aims were to describe sleep quality and quantity of highly trained wheelchair rugby (WR) athletes during the competitive season, and to investigate whether impairment type or attending a training camp influenced sleep outcomes. Eighteen male WR athletes (mean […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: March 17, 2021


Understanding fatigue in a naval submarine: Applying biomathematical models and workload measurement in an intensive longitudinal design

Fatigue is a critically important aspect of crew endurance in submarine operations, with continuously high fatigue being associated with increased risk of human error and long-term negative health ramifications. Submarines pose several unique challenges to fatigue mitigation, including requirements for continuous manning for long durations, a lack of access to critical environmental zeitgebers (stimuli pertinent […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: March 16, 2021


Evaluation of the patterns of daily total locomotor activity in maned wolf (Chryosocyon brachyurus) maintained in captivity

The aim of this study was to evaluate the daily total locomotor activity in captive Chrysocyon brachyurus. Three maned wolves were housed individually under natural light–dark cycle and environmental conditions. In each animal, locomotor activity was monitoored for 30 days by means of an activity data logger (Actiwatch Cambridge©Neurotechnology, Cambridge, UK), applied on a neck […]

Related Product: Actiwatch Mini

Publication Date: March 16, 2021


Alterations of the cardiovascular rhythms and sleep quality in esophageal cancer patients

In humans, there is a daily rhythm in blood pressure and is one of the known risk factors for different types of cardiovascular diseases. Sleep quality is an important clinical construct. Daytime sleepiness is common sleep related clinical problem, suggesting a serious underlying physiological anomaly. Most of the studies have been done in reference to […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: March 16, 2021


Temporal dynamics of depression, cognitive performance and sleep in older persons with depressive symptoms and cognitive impairments: a series of eight single-subject studies

Objectives: To investigate the presence, nature and direction of the daily temporal association between depressive symptoms, cognitive performance and sleep in older individuals. Design, setting, participants: Single-subject study design in eight older adults with cognitive impairments and depressive symptoms. Measurements: For 63 consecutive days, depressive symptoms, working memory performance and night-time sleep duration were daily […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: March 15, 2021


Physical activity is associated with lower pulsatile stress but not carotid stiffness in children

The cardiovascular disease (CVD) process may begin early in life when accompanied by atherosclerotic risk factors. CVD risk factors in children are associated with stiffening of the large elastic arteries, a reflection of subclinical atherosclerosis. Physical activity is a preventative lifestyle strategy that may benefit arterial stiffness by attenuating the hemodynamic stress on the artery […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: March 12, 2021


Personalized ESM monitoring and feedback to support psychological treatment for depression: a pragmatic randomized controlled trial (Therap-i)

Background Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a highly prevalent mental disorder with large disease burden, high levels of relapse or persistence, and overall suboptimal outcomes of protocolized pharmacological and psychotherapeutic treatments. There is an urgent need to improve treatment effectiveness, possibly through systematic treatment personalization. In psychotherapeutic treatments this can be achieved by case conceptualization. […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: March 10, 2021


Longitudinal observational study to prevent fractures in older individuals with musculoskeletal ambulatory disability symptom complex: the first-year data and effects in the COVID-19 pandemic

We evaluated physical function, physical activity, and sleep status in five elderly individuals with musculoskeletal ambulatory disability symptom complex (MADS) for one year, and examined their influential factors associated with sarcopenia. Compared with the baseline, the results did not show significant differences in every item. Notably, the COVID-19 pandemic had occurred throughout Japan for nearly […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: March 9, 2021


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