Background
Stress in health care professionals may reflect both the work and appraisal of work and impacts on the individuals, their patients, colleagues and managers.

Purpose
The purpose of the present study is to examine physiological and psychological effects of stressors (tasks) and theory-based perceptions of work stressors within and between nurses in real time.

Methods
During two work shifts, 100 nurses rated experienced stress, affect, fatigue, theory-based measures of work stress and nursing tasks on electronic diaries every 90 min, whereas heart rate and activity were measured continuously.

Results
Heart rate was associated with both demand and effort. Experienced stress was related to demand, control, effort and reward. Effort and reward interacted as predicted (but only within people). Results were unchanged when allowance was made for work tasks.

Conclusions
Real-time appraisals were more important than actual tasks in predicting both psychological and physiological correlates of stress. At times when effort was high, perceived reward reduced stress.

Direct Link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12160-015-9746-8

Journal: Annals of Behavioral Medicine. 2016 Apr 1;50(2):187-97

Keywords: demand-control model, ecological momentary assessment, effort-reward imbalance, Heart Rate, occupational stress,

Applications: Heart Rate,

CamNtech Reference: AH16013

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