Higher moderate-to-vigorous intensity (MVPA) may preserve brain structural integrity, but evidence is mostly cross-sectional and relies on absolute PA measures. We examined longitudinal associations of absolute MVPA using population-level activity count thresholds and relative MVPA using individual heart rate reserve (HRR) via Actiheart with subsequent changes in brain diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) over average of 3.8 years in 248 initially cognitively normal individuals (56−91 years). DTI markers included areas important for memory (temporal areas), executive (prefrontal cortex, superior longitudinal fasciculus), and motor function (precentral gyrus, putamen, caudate, body of corpus callosum). Associations of MVPA with changes in DTI markers were examined using linear mixed-effects models, adjusted for demographics and apolipoprotein e4 carrier status. Each additional 22 min of relative MVPA per day was significantly associated with less decline in fractional anisotropy of uncinate fasciculus and cingulum-hippocampal part and with less increase in mean diffusivity of entorhinal cortex and parahippocampal gyrus. Absolute MVPA was not associated with DTI changes. More time spent in relative MVPA by HRR may prevent brain microstructural decline in selected temporal areas.

Direct Link: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neurobiolaging.2022.04.007

Journal: Neurobiology of aging. 2022 Aug 1;116:25-31

Keywords: Aging, diffusion tensor imaging, longitudinal relationship, MVPA, Physical Activity, relative physical activity intensity,

Applications: Physical Activity,

CamNtech Reference: AH22022

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