Background
Intensive care unit (ICU) patients experience two affronts to normal 24‐h rhythms: largely internal events such as medication and external factors such as light, noise and nursing interventions.

Aims and objectives
We investigated the impact of light variance within an ICU on 24‐h rhythmicity of three key physiological parameters: heart rate (HR), mean arterial blood pressure (MAP) and body temperature (BT) in this patient population.

Design
Patients were assigned to beds either in the ‘light’ or ‘dark’ side within a single ICU. An actigraph continuously recorded light intensity for a 24–72‐h period.

Methods
Measurements of HR, MAP and BT were recorded every 30 min.

Results
HR, MAP and BT did not follow 24‐h rhythmicity in all patients. Higher light exposure in the Light Side of the ICU (122·3 versus 50·6 lx) was related to higher HR (89·4 versus 79·8 bpm), which may translate to clinically relevant outcomes in a larger sample. Duration of stay, the one clinical outcome measured in this study, showed no significant variation between the groups (p = 0·147).

Conclusions
ICU patients are exposed to varying light intensities depending on bed positioning relative to natural sunlight, affecting the 24‐h rhythm of HR. Larger, well‐controlled studies also investigating the effect of relevant light intensity are indicated.

Relevance to clinical practice
Light is a variable that can be manipulated in the constrained environment of an ICU, thus offering an avenue for relatively unobtrusive interventions.

Direct Link: https://doi.org/10.1111/nicc.12433

Journal: Nursing in critical care. 2019 May 14

Keywords: 24‐h rhythm, ICU, Light,

Applications: Light Exposure,

CamNtech Reference: M19033

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