Background: To explore activity behaviors at school entry, we describe temporal/demographic associations with accelerometer- measured physical activity in a population-based sample of British 6-year-olds, and examine change from ages 4 to 6.

Methods: A total of 712 six-year-olds (308 at both ages) wore Actiheart accelerometers for ≥ 3 (mean 6.0) days. We derived minutes per day sedentary ( < 20 cpm) and moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA, ≥ 460 cpm), also segmented across mornings (06:00 AM to 09:00 AM), school (09:00 AM to 3:00 PM), and evenings (3:00 PM to 11:00 PM). Using mixed effects linear regression, we analyzed associations between temporal/demographic factors and children ’ s activity intensities at age 6, and change between ages 4 and 6. Results: Six-year-old children engaged in MVPA (mean [SD]): 64.9 (25.7) minutes per day (53% met UK guidelines). Girls did less MVPA than boys, particularly during school hours. Children were less active on weekends (vs weekdays) and more active on spring/summer evenings (vs winter). Longitudinally, 6-year-old children did less light physical activity ( − 43.0; 95% confi dence interval, − 47.5 to − 38.4 min/d) but were more sedentary (29.4; 24.6 to 34.2), and engaged in greater MVPA (7.1; 5.2 to 9.1) compared to when they were aged 4. Conclusion: Half of 6-year-old children met current activity guidelines; MVPA levels were lower in girls and at weekends. UK children became more sedentary but did more MVPA as they entered formal schooling. Physical activity promotion efforts should capitalize on these changes in MVPA, to maintain positive habits.

Direct Link:

Journal: Journal of Physical Activity and Health. 2022 Jul 21;19(8):558-65

Keywords: children, movement behaviour, MVPA, Physical Activity, preschool, Sedentary behaviour,

Applications: Physical Activity,

CamNtech Reference: AH22033

Back to Search Results

UK & International customers

CamNtech Ltd.
Manor Farm
PE28 9JD, UK

US customers

CamNtech Inc.
630 Boerne Stage Airfield,
Texas 78006,


© 2022 CamNtech Ltd and CamNtech Inc

Company information

Registered in England No. 2221302
VAT No: GB486 3019 34

Privacy Policy