CamNtech Research Library

CamNtech products have been trusted by specialist researchers for over 25 years.

Our research library contains peer reviewed publications citing the use of our devices.

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Found 310 Results

Longitudinal observational study to prevent fractures in older individuals with musculoskeletal ambulatory disability symptom complex: the first-year data and effects in the COVID-19 pandemic

We evaluated physical function, physical activity, and sleep status in five elderly individuals with musculoskeletal ambulatory disability symptom complex (MADS) for one year, and examined their influential factors associated with sarcopenia. Compared with the baseline, the results did not show significant differences in every item. Notably, the COVID-19 pandemic had occurred throughout Japan for nearly […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: March 9, 2021

Accuracy of Actigraphy Compared to Concomitant Ambulatory Polysomnography in Narcolepsy and Other Sleep Disorders

Actigraphy provides longitudinal sleep data over multiple nights. It is a less expensive and less cumbersome method for measuring sleep than polysomnography. Studies assessing accuracy of actigraphy compared to ambulatory polysomnography in different sleep-disordered patients are rare. We aimed to compare the concordance between these methods in clinical setting. We included 290 clinical measurements of […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: March 4, 2021

How do the officials sleep? The assessment of sleep of the public administration workers using objective and subjective methods

Sleep impacts our functioning, both on a physical and mental level. This study aimed to assess the officials’ sleep using objective (actigraphic examination) and subjective evalutation methods (self-administered questionnaire and sleep diary). The analysis revealed that among the officials, sleep deprivation was common. The average actual sleep time in this group was 1-hour shorter than […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: March 1, 2021

Differences in Daytime Activity Levels and Daytime Sleep Between Night and Day Duty: An Observational Study in Italian Orthopedic Nurses

Working nonstandard work schedules is often associated with increased sedentary behavior and risk of sleep disorders. Night shift workers are prone to accumulating sleep debt, which they recover by sleeping during the day. The effect on daytime activity levels is unknown. The present study aims to objectively assess whether daytime sleep could affect daytime activity […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: February 26, 2021

The Relationships Between Training Load, Type of Sport, and Sleep Among High-Level Adolescent Athletes

Purpose: To evaluate the effects of sporting activities, training loads, and athletes’ characteristics on sleep among high-level adolescent athletes, in a controlled training and academic environment. Methods: A total of 128 high-level adolescent athletes (age = 15.2 [2.0] y), across 9 different sports, completed common sleep questionnaires and were monitored daily (7.3 [2.7] d) during a typical […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: February 25, 2021

Weekly, seasonal and chronotype‐dependent variation of Dim‐Light Melatonin Onset

In humans, the most important zeitgeber for entrainment is light. Laboratory studies have shown that meaningful changes in light exposure lead to phase shifts in markers of the circadian clock. In natural settings, light is a complex signal varying with external conditions and individual behaviors; nonetheless, phase of entrainment is assumed to be fairly stable. […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: February 20, 2021

The Effects of Genetic Background for Diurnal Preference on Sleep Development in Early Childhood

Purpose No previous research has examined the impact of the genetic background of diurnal preference on children´s sleep. Here, we examined the effects of genetic risk score for the liability of diurnal preference on sleep development in early childhood in two population-based cohorts from Finland. Participants and Methods The primary sample (CHILD-SLEEP, CS) comprised 1420 […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: February 16, 2021

Periodic Leg Movements’ Diagnosis in Spinal Cord Injury: Actigraphy as an Alternative for Polysomnography?

Periodic Limb Movements during Sleep (PLMs) are episodes of repetitive, stereotypical, hallux or foot movements. They could induce sleep disturbance, fatigue, daytime sleepiness and impaired quality of life but also increased cardiovascular risk by rising heart rate and blood pressure at night. Gold standard for PLMs diagnosis is based on electromyographic recording of tibialis anterior […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: February 11, 2021

The travel demands of an elite rugby sevens team: Effects on objective and subjective sleep parameters

Purpose: To explore the effects of travel related to international rugby sevens competition on sleep patterns. Methods: A total of 17 international male rugby sevens players participated in this study. Actigraphic and subjective sleep assessments were performed daily during 2 separate Sevens World Series competition legs (Oceania and America). The duration of each competition leg […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: February 4, 2021

DPSleep: Open-Source Longitudinal Sleep Analysis From Accelerometer Data

Wearable devices are now widely available to collect continuous objective behavioral data from individuals and to measure sleep. Here we introduce a pipeline to infer sleep onset, duration, and quality from raw accelerometer data and then quantify relationships between derived sleep metrics and other variables of interest. The pipeline released here for the deep phenotyping […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: February 4, 2021

Can actigraphy be used to define lithium response dimensions in bipolar disorders?

Background: Actigraphy is commonly used in case-control studies to explore sleep-wake patterns and circadian rhythmicity in bipolar disorders (BD). However, there is limited ecological research regarding actigraphy parameters associated with response to lithium (Li_Resp). Methods: Outpatients with BD-I (n=70) and BD-II (n=20) who were all prescribed prophylactic Li undertook 21 consecutive days of actigraphy recording. […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: February 2, 2021

Preliminary Results: The Impact of Smartphone Use and Short-Wavelength Light during the Evening on Circadian Rhythm, Sleep and Alertness

Smartphone usage strongly increased in the last decade, especially before bedtime. There is growing evidence that short-wavelength light affects hormonal secretion, thermoregulation, sleep and alertness. Whether blue light filters can attenuate these negative effects is still not clear. Therefore, here, we present preliminary data of 14 male participants (21.93 ± 2.17 years), who spent three […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: January 22, 2021

A brief report of sleep and circadian rhythm quotas in a population of dog owners in North Carolina USA

Objectives To characterize sleep and circadian rhythms of a sample population of healthy, dog-owning adults from North Carolina, USA. Methods Actigraphy was used to analyze sleep-wake patterns in forty-two dog owners from the Raleigh area in North Carolina. Sleep quotas, including sleep duration, efficiency, and fragmentation were measured alongside a Non-parametric Circadian Rhythms Analysis (NPCRA) […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: January 22, 2021

Sleep, Circadian Rhythmicity and Response to Chronotherapy in University Students: Tips from Chronobiology Practicals

Chronobiology is not routinely taught to biology or medical students in most European countries. Here we present the results of the chronobiology practicals of a group of students of the University of Padova, with a view to highlight some interesting features of this group, and to share a potentially interesting cross-faculty teaching experience. Thirty-eight students […]

Related Product: PRO-Diary

Publication Date: January 21, 2021

Shining the Light on the MotionWatch8 Light Sensor for Sleep and Aging Research: What Can We Measure and What Are We Missing?

Background: Poor sleep is common among older adults at risk for dementia and may be due to circadian dysregulation. Light is the most important external stimulus to the circadian clock and bright light therapy (BLT) has been used for >20 years to help realign circadian rhythms. However, the ability of field methods (e.g., actigraphy) to […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: January 20, 2021

The complexity of sleep disorders in dialysis patients

Background Dialysis patients experience a high burden of physical and emotional symptoms directly affecting their sleep and quality of life. In this study, objective and subjective measurements to quantify sleep were performed, compared with those of healthy controls, and associated with burden of comorbidity and uraemic toxicity. Methods A total of 64 dialysis patients were […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: January 19, 2021

Excessive sleepiness in patients with psychosis: An initial investigation

Clinical experience indicates that excessive sleepiness and hypersomnia may be a common issue for patients with psychosis. Excessive sleepiness is typically ascribed to the sedating effects of antipsychotic medications but there may be other potential contributors such as sleep disorders and depression. Furthermore, the impact of excessive sleepiness itself on patients’ symptoms and general wellbeing […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: January 15, 2021

Circadian Patterns of Patients with Type 2 Diabetes and Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Sleep apnea, a condition that modifies sleep and circadian rhythms, is highly prevalent in patients with diabetes. However, it is not known if there is an association between sleep apnea, circadian alterations and glycemic regulation in this type of patient. Here, a polysomnographic study was carried out on 21 women and 25 men (mean age […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: January 11, 2021

Sleep, Prospective Memory, and Immune Status among People Living with HIV

Background: Persons living with HIV (PLWH) frequently report sleep complaints, but objective measurements are still lacking regarding sleep continuity, total sleep time per 24 h, and the links with both prospective memory performance and HIV infection parameters. Methods: PLWH (n = 96) and control (n = 96) groups (balanced for gender and age) were monitored […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: January 8, 2021

Sleep and Activity Patterns Are Altered During Early Critical Illness in Mechanically Ventilated Adults

Background Mechanically ventilated (MV) patients in the intensive care unit (ICU) often experience disturbed sleep and profound inactivity. Objectives The aim of this study was to report 5 consecutive days’ descriptive analyses on sleep efficiency (SE), total sleep time (TST), daytime activity ratio (DAR), and hourly activity counts among critically ill MV adults from 9 […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: January 1, 2021

Feasibility, Reliability, and Validity of the MotionWatch 8 to Evaluate Physical Activity Among Older Adults With and Without Cognitive Impairment in Assisted Living Settings

This study tested the feasibility, reliability, and validity of the MotionWatch 8 among assisted living residents with and without cognitive impairment. Data from the Dissemination and Implementation of Function Focused Care in Assisted Living Using the Evidence Integration Triangle study were used. The sample included 781 individuals from 85 facilities with a mean age of […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: December 25, 2020

pyActigraphy: open-source python package for actigraphy data visualisation and analysis

Over the past 40 years, actigraphy has been used to study rest-activity patterns in circadian rhythm and sleep research. Furthermore, considering its simplicity of use, there is a growing interest in the analysis of large population-based samples, using actigraphy. Here, we introduce pyActigraphy, a comprehensive toolbox for data visualization and analysis including multiple sleep detection […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: December 3, 2020

Enhancing daily light exposure increases the antibody response to influenza vaccination in patients with dementia

Enhancing lighting conditions in institutions for individuals with dementia improves their sleep, circadian rhythms and well-being. Here, we tested whether a greater long-term daily light exposure supports the immune response to the annual influenza vaccination. Eighty older institutionalised patients suffering from dementia (54 women and 26 men) continuously wore an activity tracker for 8 weeks […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: December 2, 2020

Sleep− wake cycle dysregulation in idiopathic REM sleep behaviour disorder

Alteration of the circadian sleep−wake rhythm has been suggested in patients affected by idiopathic rapid eye movement sleep behaviour disorder. Because actigraphy is the validated instrument to monitor the sleep−wake cycle, the aim of the present study was to investigate the circadian sleep−wake rhythm in patients with idiopathic rapid eye movement sleep behaviour disorder compared […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: December 1, 2020

Taking the sleep lab to the field: Biometric techniques for quantifying sleep and circadian rhythms in humans

Objectives Remarkably, the specifics of sleep along the human lineage have been slow to emerge, which is surprising given our distinct mental and behavioral capacity and the importance of sleep for individual health and cognitive performance. Largely due to difficultly of measuring sleep outside a controlled, clinical, and laboratory study in ambulatory individuals, human biologists […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: November 30, 2020

Cross-participant prediction of vigilance stages through the combined use of wPLI and wSMI EEG functional connectivity metrics

Functional connectivity (FC) metrics describe brain inter-regional interactions and may complement information provided by common power-based analyses. Here we investigated whether the FC-metrics weighted Phase Lag Index (wPLI) and weighted Symbolic Mutual Information (wSMI) may unveil functional differences across four stages of vigilance – wakefulness (W), NREM-N2, NREM-N3 and REM sleep – with respect to […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: November 21, 2020

Sleep and Cognition in Children with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) and Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD)

Children with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) and Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) experience significantly higher rates of sleep disturbances than their typically developing peers. However, little is known about the association between sleep and the cognitive phenotype in these clinical populations. Structural damage affecting cortical and subcortical connectivity occurs as a result of prenatal alcohol […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: November 16, 2020

From Dawn to Dusk–Mimicking Natural Daylight Exposure Improves Circadian Rhythm Entrainment in Patients with Severe Brain Injury

Background: Better integrity of circadian rhythms has been shown to relate to a richer behavioral repertoire in patients with disorders of consciousness (DOC). As light exposure has proven successful in treating circadian rhythm disorders, we sought to investigate whether simulating natural daylight in a clinical setting can entrain circadian rhythms in patients with DOC, and […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: November 2, 2020

Testing the Implementation of Function-focused Care in Assisted Living Settings

Objectives The purpose of this study was to evaluate the Function-Focused Care for Assisted Living Using the Evidence Integration Triangle (FFC-AL-EIT) intervention. Design FFC-AL-EIT was a randomized controlled pragmatic trial including 85 sites and 794 residents. Intervention FFC-AL-EIT was implemented by a Research Nurse Facilitator working with a facility champion and stakeholder team for 12 […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: October 31, 2020

Objective sleep patterns and validity of self-reported sleep monitoring across different playing levels in rugby union

BACKGROUND: Growing evidence highlights that elite rugby union players experience poor sleep quality and quantity which can be detrimental for performance OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to i) compare objective sleep measures of rugby union players between age categories over a one week period, and ii) compare self-reported measures of sleep to wristwatch actigraphy as the […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: October 1, 2020

Effect of vestibular stimulation using a rotatory chair in human rest/activity rhythm

The vestibular system is responsible for sensing every angular and linear head acceleration, mainly during periods of motor activity. Previous animal and human experiments have shown biological rhythm disruptions in small rodents exposed to a hypergravity environment, but also in patients with bilateral vestibular loss compared to a control population. This raised the hypothesis of […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: September 26, 2020

Timed physical exercise does not influence circadian rhythms and glucose tolerance in rotating night shift workers: The EuRhythDia study

Objectives: Night shift workers are at cardiometabolic risk due to circadian misalignment. We investigated whether infrequent exercise before each night shift that intentionally would not improve physical performance improves glucose tolerance and 24-h blood pressure profiles and synchronizes circadian rhythms of melatonin and cortisol in rotating night shift workers. Methods: A total of 24 rotating […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: September 25, 2020

A phase 2a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group, add-on clinical trial of ebselen (SPI-1005) as a novel treatment for mania or hypomania

Rationale Lithium is an effective prophylactic and anti-manic treatment in bipolar disorder; however, its use is declining through perceived poor tolerance and toxicity. Lithium inhibits inositol monophosphatase (IMPase), a probable key therapeutic mechanism. The anti-inflammatory drug, ebselen, also inhibits IMPase and appears well-tolerated and safe. Objectives To assess the efficacy of adjunctive ebselen in mania […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: September 9, 2020

Prediction of individual differences in circadian adaptation to night work among older adults: application of a mathematical model using individual sleep-wake and light exposure data

Circadian misalignment remains a distinct challenge for night shift workers. Variability in individual sleep-wake/light-dark patterns might contribute to individual differences in circadian alignment in night shift workers. In this simulation study, we compared the predicted phase shift from a mathematical model of the effect of light on the human circadian pacemaker to the observed melatonin […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: September 6, 2020

Multiple sclerosis-related fatigue: the role of impaired corticospinal responses and heightened exercise fatigability

It is unclear whether motor fatigability and perceived fatigue share a common pathophysiology in people with multiple sclerosis (PwMS). This cross-sectional investigation explored the relationship between the mechanisms of motor fatigability from cycling and fatigue severity in PwMS. Thirteen highly fatigued (HF) and thirteen non-fatigued (LF) PwMS, and thirteen healthy controls (CON) completed a step-test […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: September 2, 2020

Use of actigraphy and sleep diaries to assess sleep and academic performance in pharmacy students

Introduction Sleep parameters have been shown to correlate with academic performance. Current studies assessing sleep in doctor of pharmacy (PharmD) students rely on self-reported sleep parameters and academic performance. The objectives of this study were to describe and compare sleep parameters in pharmacy students using actigraphy and sleep diaries and to assess the correlation of […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: August 30, 2020

An Automatic Estimation of the Rest-Interval for MotionWatch8© Using Uniaxial Movement and Lux Data

Poor sleep is linked with chronic conditions common in older adults, including diabetes, heart disease, and dementia. Valid and reliable field methods to objectively measure sleep are thus greatly needed to examine how poor sleep impacts older adults. Wrist-worn actigraphy (WWA) is a common objective measure of sleep that uses motion and illuminance data to […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: August 24, 2020

Binocular Vision, Visual Function, and Pupil Dynamics in People Living With Dementia and Their Relation to the Rate of Cognitive Decline and Structural Changes Within the Brain: Protocol for an Observational Study

Background: Visual impairment is a common comorbidity in people living with dementia. Addressing sources of visual difficulties can have a significant impact on the quality of life for people living with dementia and their caregivers. Depth perception problems are purportedly common in dementia and also contribute to falls, visuomotor task difficulties, and poorer psychosocial well-being. […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: August 10, 2020

Local increases in sleep-like activity predict the occurrence of emotion suppression failures

Emotion self-regulation relies both on cognitive and behavioral strategies implemented to modulate the subjective experience and/or the behavioral expression of a given emotion. While it is known that a network encompassing fronto-cingulate and parietal brain areas is engaged during successful emotion regulation, the functional mechanisms underlying failures in emotion suppression are still unclear. In order […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: August 5, 2020

Reduced Neuromuscular Performance in Night Shift Orthopedic Nurses: New Insights From a Combined Electromyographic and Force Signals Approach

The effect of sleep–wake rhythm disruption on neuromuscular control and muscle fatigue has received little attention. Because nurse shift work is so varied, including overnight duty, rotating shift schedules, early awakening, and interrupted nocturnal sleep, it offers an interesting model to study this paradigm. It has been investigated so far using only subjective markers. A […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: June 30, 2020

The clinical relevance of early identification and treatment of sleep disorders in mental health care: protocol of a randomized control trial

Background Sleep disorders are a risk factor for developing a variety of mental disorders, have a negative impact on their remission rates and increase the risk of relapse. Early identification and treatment of sleep disorders is therefore of paramount importance. Unfortunately, in mental health care sleep disorders are often poorly recognized and specific treatment frequently […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: June 24, 2020

Disturbances of Continuous Sleep and Circadian Rhythms Account for Behavioral Difficulties in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder

Sleep disorders are among the most common comorbidities in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), and subjectively defined sleep disturbances have been related to ASD symptom severity. However, no study has investigated the differential impact of objectively measured sleep and circadian rhythm disturbances on behavioral difficulties in this population. Fifty-two children with ASD aged 3–10 […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: June 24, 2020

Is disruption of sleep quality a consequence of severe Covid-19 infection?

The Covid-19 outbreak put enormous stress on the health system worldwide, and objective data to handle the emergency are still needed. We aimed to objectively assess the consequence of severe symptoms of Covid-19 infection on sleep quality through wrist actigraphy monitoring of four patients during the sub-acute recovery stage of the disease. The sleep of […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: June 23, 2020

Using Mobile Electroencephalography and Actigraphy to Diagnose Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: Case-Control Comparison Study

Background: Children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), a neurobehavioral disorder, display behaviors of inattention, hyperactivity, or impulsivity, which can affect their ability to learn and establish proper family and social relationships. Various tools are currently used by child and adolescent psychiatric clinics to diagnose, evaluate, and collect information and data. The tools allow professional physicians to […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: June 19, 2020

A pragmatic approach to the comparison of wrist-based cutpoints of physical activity intensity for the MotionWatch8 accelerometer in children

Background A variety of wearable monitors are available for objectively assessing physical activity but there is a lack of established values for the activity intensity of MotionWatch8 (MW8) and a similar lack of studies on comparability across devices. Our study aimed to establish activity intensity cutpoints for the MW8 accelerometer in children, which are necessary […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: June 19, 2020

Toward a Better Understanding of the Reciprocal Relations Between Adolescent Psychological Need Experiences and Sleep

In two diary studies, we examined the reciprocal daily association between the satisfaction and frustration of adolescents’ basic psychological needs and sleep, and the role of stress and fatigue in these associations. In Study 1 (N = 211; 52% female; Mage = 15.86 years, SD = 1.18 years), daily need experiences were unrelated to daily […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: June 19, 2020

Light effects on circadian and homeostatic regulation: alertness increases independent of time awake

Study Objectives To determine how sleepiness and sleep deprivation drive the motivation to engage in different behaviors. Methods We studied the sleepiness of 123 participants who had been randomized to sleep deprivation or normal sleep, and their willingness to engage in a range of everyday behaviors. Results Self-reported sleepiness was a strong predictor of the […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: June 6, 2020

Early manifestation of sleep problems in toddlers with Williams Syndrome using a mixed method longitudinal approach

Children with neurodevelopmental disorders commonly experience sleep problems. Williams Syndrome (WS), a rare genetic disorder characterised by a complex, uneven cognitive profile, is no exception. Compared with children with typical development (TD), school-aged children with WS experience significant sleep disruption: shorter sleep duration, more night wakings, greater bedtime resistance and excessive daytime tiredness. In children […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: June 3, 2020

Sleep duration, sleep variability, and impairments of visual attention

Attentional networks are sensitive to sleep deprivation. However, variation in attentional performance as a function of normal sleep parameters is understudied. We examined whether attentional performance is influenced by (a) individual differences in sleep duration, (b) sleep duration variability, and/or (c) their interaction. A total of 57 healthy participants (61.4% female, Mage = 32.37 years, SD = 8.68) completed questionnaires, […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: June 1, 2020

Rationale and Study Design of OUTSTEP‐HF: A Randomized Controlled Study to Assess the Effect of Sacubitril/Valsartan and Enalapril on Physical Activity measured by Accelerometry in Patients with Heart Failure with Reduced Ejection Fraction

Aim In PARADIGM‐HF, sacubitril/valsartan demonstrated superiority to enalapril in reducing mortality and morbidity in patients with heart failure (HF) with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF). Several patient‐centred outcomes like improved physical activity and quality of life (QoL) have been emphasised as important therapy goals in HF management. OUTSTEP‐HF has been designed to evaluate the effects of […]

Related Product: MotionWatch

Publication Date: May 28, 2020

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