Publications

CamNtech Research Library

CamNtech products have been trusted by specialist researchers for over 25 years.

Our research library contains peer reviewed publications citing the use of our devices.

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Found 731 Results

Resistance but not endurance exercise training induces changes in cerebrovascular function in healthy young subjects

It is generally considered that regular exercise maintains brain health and reduces the risk of cerebrovascular diseases such as stroke and dementia. Since the benefits of different “types” of exercise are unclear, we sought to compare the impacts of endurance and resistance training on cerebrovascular function. In a randomized and crossover design, 68 young healthy […]

Related Product: Actiheart

Publication Date: October 11, 2021


Heart Rate Variability and Muscle Strength in Young Adults with Sedentary Behaviour

Introduction: Sedentary behaviour or physical inactivity has been relatively prevalent among young adults globally. Multiple studies pointed out that Malaysia has been listed as one of the Asian countries with high prevalence of inactivity. Objective: This study aimed to examine the heart rate variability (HRV) and muscle strength among young adults in order to identify […]

Related Product: Actiheart

Publication Date: September 30, 2021


Omega-3 supplementation during unilateral resistance exercise training in older women: a within subject and double-blind placebo-controlled trial

Background & aims The skeletal muscle anabolic effects of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFA) appear favoured towards women; a property that could be exploited in older women who typically exhibit poor muscle growth responses to resistance exercise training (RET). Here we sought to generate novel insights into the efficacy and mechanisms of n-3 PUFA […]

Related Product: Actiheart

Publication Date: September 29, 2021


Infants’ physiological and behavioral reactivity to maternal mobile phone use–An experimental study

The present study examined the impact of maternal mobile phone use during mother-child interaction on infants’ physiological and behavioral reactivity (i.e., heart rate and negative affect). In this experimental study, 106 mother-infant (M age = 11.88 months; 51% male) dyads were randomly assigned to one of three experimental conditions. All conditions started and ended with […]

Related Product: Actiheart

Publication Date: September 28, 2021


Anodal tDCS augments and preserves working memory beyond time-on-task deficits

Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) of the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) has been shown to promote working memory (WM), however, its efficacy against time-on-task-related performance decline and associated cognitive fatigue remains uncertain. This study examined the impact of anodal tDCS of the left DLPFC on performance during a fatiguing visuospatial WM test. We adopted […]

Related Product: Actiheart

Publication Date: September 27, 2021


Light-intensity physical activity and mental ill health: a systematic review of observational studies in the general population

Background Most of the evidence has focused on examining the influence of moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical activity on mental health, but he role of light intensity physical activity (LIPA) is less understood. The purpose of this systematic review was to assess the relationship between time spent in LIPA and mental ill health across the lifespan. Methods […]

Related Product: Actiheart

Publication Date: September 15, 2021


Exploring the Effect of Long Naps on Handball Performance and Heart Rate Variability

This study explored the effect of long naps on handball-related performance and assessed the role of the cardiac autonomic nervous system in this process. Eleven male collegiate handball players performed a repeated sequential trial consisting of a 20-m consecutive turnaround run, 10-m run with a load, and shooting the ball into a target. Participants were […]

Related Product: Actiheart

Publication Date: September 15, 2021


Cost-effectiveness of physical activity intervention in children–results based on the Physical Activity and Nutrition in Children (PANIC) study

Background We assessed the cost-effectiveness of a 2-year physical activity (PA) intervention combining family-based PA counselling and after-school exercise clubs in primary-school children compared to no intervention from an extended service payer’s perspective. Methods The participants included 506 children (245 girls, 261 boys) allocated to an intervention group (306 children, 60 %) and a control group […]

Related Product: Actiheart

Publication Date: September 6, 2021


Glucose variability and low bone turnover in people with type 2 diabetes

Introduction Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is related to an increased fracture risk and low bone turnover. However, the mechanisms are not elucidated. In the present study we investigate the association between glycemic variability and bone turnover markers. Methods 100 participants with T2D and 100 age and gender matched controls were included in this cross-sectional study. […]

Related Product: Actiheart

Publication Date: August 27, 2021


Association of Physical Activity With Maximal and Submaximal Tests of Exercise Capacity in Middle-and Older-Aged Adults

Although physical activity (PA) is an important determinant of exercise capacity, the association between these constructs is modest. The authors investigated the associations of self-reported and objectively measured PA with maximal and submaximal tests of exercise capacity. Participants aged ≥40 years (N = 413; 49.6% female) completed a PA questionnaire, wore a uniaxial accelerometer (5.2 ± 1.1 days), and […]

Related Product: Actiheart

Publication Date: August 18, 2021


Preoperative walking recommendation for non-cardiac surgery patients to reduce the length of hospital stay: a randomized control trial

Background Even though the importance of preparing patients for a surgical event is recognized, there are still gaps about the benefit of improving functional capacity by walking during the waiting time among patients scheduled for non-cardiac surgery. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of pre-surgical walking in-hospital length of stay, early […]

Related Product: Actiheart

Publication Date: July 28, 2021


Use of the Polar V800 and Actiheart 5 heart rate monitors for the assessment of heart rate variability (HRV) in horses

Heart rate variability (HRV) is a commonly used metric in animal science to quantify an aspect of the physiological response to stressors. HRV analysis relies upon accurate detection of the electrical activity of the heart to define inter-beat interval (IBI). In horses, this can be problematic due to specific features of the equine ECG waveform […]

Related Product: Actiheart

Publication Date: July 19, 2021


Heart Rate Variability and Long Chain n-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids in Chronic Kidney Disease Patients on Haemodialysis: A Cross-Sectional Pilot Study

Low heart rate variability (HRV) is independently associated with increased risk of sudden cardiac death (SCD) and all cardiac death in haemodialysis patients. Long chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC n-3 PUFA) may exert anti-arrhythmic effects. This study aimed to investigate relationships between dialysis, sleep and 24 h HRV and LC n-3 PUFA status in […]

Related Product: Actiheart

Publication Date: July 18, 2021


Sex-Specific Relationship between the Cardiorespiratory Fitness and Plasma Metabolite Patterns in Healthy Humans—Results of the KarMeN Study

Cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) represents a strong predictor of all-cause mortality and is strongly influenced by regular physical activity (PA). However, the biological mechanisms involved in the body’s adaptation to PA remain to be fully elucidated. The aim of this study was to systematically examine the relationship between CRF and plasma metabolite patterns in 252 healthy […]

Related Product: Actiheart

Publication Date: July 17, 2021


A randomized controlled trial to isolate the effects of fasting and energy restriction on weight loss and metabolic health in lean adults

Intermittent fasting may impart metabolic benefits independent of energy balance by initiating fasting-mediated mechanisms. This randomized controlled trial examined 24-hour fasting with 150% energy intake on alternate days for 3 weeks in lean, healthy individuals (0:150; n = 12). Control groups involved a matched degree of energy restriction applied continuously without fasting (75% energy intake […]

Related Product: Actiheart

Publication Date: July 13, 2021


Effect of napping on a bean bag chair on sleep stage, muscle activity, and heart rate variability

Although ample evidence has demonstrated that daytime napping is beneficial for health and cognitive performance, bedding for napping has not yet been scientifically investigated. In this study, we assessed the effect of a bean bag chair (BC), which would automatically adjust according to body shape and size, on daytime napping and physiological parameters related to […]

Related Product: Actiheart

Publication Date: July 8, 2021


How can we better prepare new doctors for the tasks and challenges of ward rounds?: An observational study of junior doctors’ experiences

Purpose Ward rounds play a crucial role in the delivery of patient care in inpatient settings, but involve a complex mix of tasks, skills and challenges for junior doctors to negotiate. This study informs the development of high-quality training by identifying the activities that junior doctors perform, and those associated with stress during real-life ward […]

Related Product: Actiheart

Publication Date: July 5, 2021


A feedforward neural network for drone accident prediction from physiological signals

Purpose As drones are rapidly transforming tasks such as mapping and surveying, safety inspection and progress monitoring, human operators continue to play a critical role in ensuring safe drone missions in compliance with safety regulations and standard operating procedures. Research shows that operator’s stress and fatigue are leading causes of drone accidents. Building upon the […]

Related Product: Actiheart

Publication Date: June 9, 2021


Registration of 24-hour accelerometric rest-activity profiles and its application to human chronotypes

By collecting data continuously over 24 hours, accelerometers and other wearable devices can provide novel insights into circadian rhythms and their relationship to human health. Existing approaches for analyzing diurnal patterns using these data, including the cosinor model and functional principal component analysis, have revealed and quantified population-level diurnal patterns, but considerable subject-level variability remained […]

Related Product: Actiheart

Publication Date: May 31, 2021


Sleep duration regularity as a predictor of the cardiovascular response to acute exercise

High-intensity exercise represents a challenge for the cardiovascular system, especially under conditions of insufficient sleep. For example, following one night of partial sleep restriction, healthy young men exhibited increased heart rate, minute ventilation, and plasma lactate concentration during submaximal and maximal exercise compared to one night of normal sleep [1]. In addition to sleep duration, […]

Related Product: Actiheart

Publication Date: May 31, 2021


Effects of short-term graded dietary carbohydrate intake on intramuscular and whole-body metabolism during moderate-intensity exercise

Altering dietary carbohydrate (CHO) intake modulates fuel utilization during exercise. However, there has been no systematic evaluation of metabolic responses to graded changes in short-term (< 1 week) dietary CHO intake. Thirteen active men performed interval running exercise combined with isocaloric diets over 3 days before evaluation of metabolic responses to 60-min running at 65% […]

Related Product: Actiheart

Publication Date: May 27, 2021


Adolescent Endurance Runners Exhibit Suboptimal Energy Availability and Intakes of Key Nutrients

Backgroud: Despite the evidence of an elevated prevalence of low bone mass in adolescent endurance runners, reports on dietary intake in this population is limited. Objectives: This study aimed to evaluate energy availability (EA) and dietary intake among 72 (n = 60 female, n = 12 male) high school cross-country runners. Methods: The sample consisted of a combined dataset […]

Related Product: Actiheart

Publication Date: May 25, 2021


Low Physical Activity Is Associated With Impaired Endothelial Function in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes and Controls After 5 Years of Follow-up

Background: The long-term association between physical activity and endothelial function has not previously been investigated in patients with type 2 diabetes. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate the relationship between physical activity and endothelial function, estimated by peripheral arterial tonometry, in patients with type 2 diabetes and non-diabetic controls after 5 years of follow-up. Methods: : […]

Related Product: Actiheart

Publication Date: May 20, 2021


Socio‐economic inequalities, modifiable lifestyle risk factors and retinal vessel calibers: The African‐PREDICT Study

Objective Lifestyle risk factors vary between socioeconomic status (SES) groups and may influence cardiovascular function differently. The retinal microvasculature allows for monitoring early changes in cardiovascular health, therefore we investigated whether retinal vessel calibers associate differently with modifiable risk factors in different SES groups. Methods We included 1064 young adults (aged 20-30 years) grouped by […]

Related Product: Actiheart

Publication Date: May 19, 2021


Heart rate and heart rate variability as outcomes and longitudinal moderators of treatment for pain across follow-up in Veterans with Gulf War illness

Aims Accumulating evidence suggests Gulf War illness (GWI) is characterised by autonomic nervous system dysfunction (higher heart rate [HR], lower heart rate variability [HRV]). Yoga – an ancient mind-body practice combining mindfulness, breathwork, and physical postures – is proposed to improve autonomic dysfunction yet this remains untested in GWI. We aimed to determine (i) whether […]

Related Product: Actiheart

Publication Date: May 11, 2021


Cohort Profile: Multimorbidity in Children and Youth Across the Life-course (MY LIFE) Study

Objective This manuscript serves to provide an overview of the methods of the Multimorbidity in Children and Youth across the Life-course (MY LIFE) study, profile sample characteristics of the cohort, and provide baseline estimates of multimorbidity to foster collaboration with clinical and research colleagues across Canada. Method MY LIFE is comprised of 263 children (2–16 […]

Related Product: Actiheart

Publication Date: May 1, 2021


Heart rate during work and heart rate variability during the following night: a day-by-day investigation on the physical activity paradox among blue-collar workers

Objectives: Contrary to leisure-time physical activity, occupational physical activity (OPA) may have harmful health effects, called the physical activity paradox. A proposed mechanism is that OPA can elevate the heart rate (HR) for several hours per day. We aimed to investigate the association between the mean intensity of OPA and HR variability (HRV) indices the […]

Related Product: Actiheart

Publication Date: April 30, 2021


Objectifying the Subjective: The Use of Heart Rate Variability as a Psychosocial Symptom Biomarker in Hospice and Palliative Care Research

Measuring psychosocial symptoms in hospice and palliative care research is critical to understanding the patient and caregiver experience. Subjective patient-reported outcome tools have been the primary method for collecting these data in palliative care, and the growing field of biobehavioral research offers new tools that could deepen our understanding of psychosocial symptomatology. Here we describe […]

Related Product: Actiheart

Publication Date: April 29, 2021


Physical activity attenuates postprandial hyperglycaemia in homozygous TBC1D4 loss-of-function mutation carriers

Aims/hypothesis The common muscle-specific TBC1D4 p.Arg684Ter loss-of-function variant defines a subtype of non-autoimmune diabetes in Arctic populations. Homozygous carriers are characterised by elevated postprandial glucose and insulin levels. Because 3.8% of the Greenlandic population are homozygous carriers, it is important to explore possibilities for precision medicine. We aimed to investigate whether physical activity attenuates the […]

Related Product: Actiheart

Publication Date: April 29, 2021


Longitudinal associations of physical activity, sedentary time, and cardiorespiratory fitness with arterial health in children–the PANIC study

We investigated the longitudinal associations of physical activity (PA), sedentary time (ST), and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) with arterial health among children. In our primary analyses, we investigated 245 children (girls 51.8%) aged 6-9 years participating in the baseline examinations who had data on arterial health at 2-year follow-up. We also utilized a subsample of 90 […]

Related Product: Actiheart

Publication Date: April 8, 2021


Comparison of Energy Expenditure Observed between Scheduled Activities in Collegiate Team-Sport Female Athletes

Energy needs of female team-sport athletes are poorly understood with no evidence highlighting differences present between scheduled activities. The purpose of this study was to examine the difference in energy expenditure between NCAA Division II female basketball (BBALL) and lacrosse (LAX) athletes during different scheduled team activities. Female BBALL (n = 13; 19.8 ± 1.3 […]

Related Product: Actiheart

Publication Date: April 2, 2021


Joint associations between objectively measured physical activity volume and intensity with body-fatness. The Fenland Study

Background/Objectives Physical activity energy expenditure (PAEE) represents the total volume of all physical activity. This can be accumulated as different underlying intensity profiles. Although volume and intensity have been studied in isolation, less is known about their joint association with health. We examined this association with body-fatness in a population-based sample of middle-aged British women […]

Related Product: Actiheart

Publication Date: March 28, 2021


Testosterone and exercise: Effects on fitness, body composition and strength in middle-to-older aged men with low-normal serum testosterone levels

As men age, serum testosterone (T) concentrations decrease, as do fitness, strength and lean mass. Whether testosterone treatment confers additive benefit to reverse these changes when combined with exercise training in middle-to-older aged men remains unclear. We assessed the effects of T treatment and exercise, alone and in combination, on aerobic capacity (VO2peak), body composition […]

Related Product: Actiheart

Publication Date: March 19, 2021


Resting skeletal muscle ATGL and CPT1b are associated with peak fat oxidation rates in men and women but do not explain observed sex‐differences

We explored key proteins involved in fat metabolism that might be associated with peak fat oxidation (PFO) and account for sexual dimorphism in fuel metabolism during exercise. Thirty‐six healthy adults [15 women; 40 ± 11 years of age; peak oxygen consumption 42.5 ± 9.5 ml (kg body mass)–1 min–1; mean ± SD] completed two exercise […]

Related Product: Actiheart

Publication Date: March 6, 2021


Effects of gastric bypass surgery on the brain; simultaneous assessment of glucose uptake, blood flow, neural activity and cognitive function during normo-and hypoglycemia

While Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass (RYGB) surgery in obese individuals typically improves glycemic control and prevents diabetes, it also frequently causes hypoglycemia. Previous work showed attenuated counter-regulatory responses following RYGB. The underlying mechanisms as well as the clinical consequences are unclear.In this study, 11 non-diabetic subjects with severe obesity were investigated pre- and post-RYGB during hyperinsulinemic […]

Related Product: Actiheart

Publication Date: March 4, 2021


Decreased energy availability during training overload is associated with non-functional overreaching and suppressed ovarian function in female runners

Low energy availability (EA) suppresses many physiological processes, including ovarian function in female athletes. Low EA could also predispose athletes to develop a state of overreaching. This study compared the changes in ad libitum energy intake (EI), exercise energy expenditure (ExEE), and EA among runners completing a training overload (TO) phase. We tested the hypothesis […]

Related Product: Actiheart

Publication Date: March 2, 2021


Changes in Energy Expenditure, Dietary Intake, and Energy Availability Across an Entire Collegiate Women’s Basketball Season

The purpose of this study was to identify changes in energy expenditure and dietary intake across an entire women’s basketball season. On 5 different occasions across the competitive season, female collegiate basketball players (19.8 ± 1.3 years, 173.9 ± 13.6 cm, 74.6 ± 9.1 kg, 27.1 ± 3.2% fat, 53.9 ± 6.4 ml·kg−1·min−1, n = […]

Related Product: Actiheart

Publication Date: March 1, 2021


Effect of Cognitive Fatigue, Operator Sex, and Robot Assistance on Task Performance Metrics, Workload, and Situation Awareness in Human-Robot Collaboration

Advancements in robot technology are allowing for increasing integration of humans and robots in shared space manufacturing processes. While individual task performance of the robotic assistance and human operator can be separately optimized, the interaction between humans and robots can lead to emergent effects on collaborative performance. Thus, the performance benefits of increased automation in […]

Related Product: Actiheart

Publication Date: March 1, 2021


Associations of physical activity, sedentary time, and diet quality with biomarkers of inflammation in children

We investigated the associations of physical activity (PA), sedentary time (ST), and diet quality with biomarkers of inflammation in 390 children (192 girls, 198 boys) aged 6–8 years. PA energy expenditure (PAEE), light PA, moderate PA (MPA), vigorous PA (VPA), moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA), and ST were assessed by combined movement and heart rate sensor. Finnish […]

Related Product: Actiheart

Publication Date: February 19, 2021


A Stress Syndrome Prototype Reflects Type 3 Diabetes and Ischemic Stroke Risk: The SABPA Study

Type 3 diabetes (T3D) accurately reflects that dementia, e.g., Alzheimer’s disease, represents insulin resistance and neurodegeneration in the brain. Similar retinal microvascular changes were observed in Alzheimer’s and chronic stressed individuals. Hence, we aimed to show that chronic stress relates to T3D dementia signs and retinopathy, ultimately comprising a Stress syndrome prototype reflecting risk for […]

Related Product: Actiheart

Publication Date: February 18, 2021


Effect of high‐intensity interval training on cardiometabolic component risks in persons with paraplegia: Protocol for a randomized controlled trial

Individuals with a spinal cord injury (SCI) are at an increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease and present with a multitude of elevated cardiometabolic component risks. Although upper‐body exercise appears an effective strategy to improve some of these outcomes, the effectiveness of high‐intensity interval training (HIIT) has yet to be determined for this population. Therefore, […]

Related Product: Actiheart

Publication Date: February 18, 2021


Effectiveness of Minimal Contact Interventions: An RCT

Introduction Around 23% of adults worldwide are insufficiently active. Wearable devices paired with virtual coaching software could increase physical activity. The effectiveness of 3 minimal contact interventions (paper-based physical activity diaries, activity trackers, and activity trackers coupled with virtual coaching) in increasing physical activity energy expenditure and cardiorespiratory fitness were compared over 12 weeks among […]

Related Product: Actiheart

Publication Date: February 18, 2021


Independent and combined associations between fast-food outlet exposure and genetic risk for obesity: a population-based, cross-sectional study in the UK

Background Characteristics of the built environment, such as neighbourhood fast-food outlet exposure, are increasingly recognised as risk factors for unhealthy diet and obesity. Obesity also has a genetic component, with common genetic variants explaining a substantial proportion of population-level obesity susceptibility. However, it is not known whether and to what extent associations between fast-food outlet […]

Related Product: Actiheart

Publication Date: February 15, 2021


Determinants of peak fat oxidation rates during cycling in healthy men and women

This study explored lifestyle and biological determinants of peak fat oxidation (PFO) during cycle ergometry, using duplicate measures to account for day-to-day variation. Seventy-three healthy adults (age range: 19–63 years; peak oxygen consumption [˙VO2peak]:42.4[10.1]ml⋅kgBM−1⋅min−1; n = 32 women]) completed trials 7–28 days apart that assessed resting metabolic rate, a resting venous blood sample, and PFO by indirect calorimetry during […]

Related Product: Actiheart

Publication Date: February 14, 2021


Isotemporal Substitution of Time Between Sleep and Physical Activity: Associations With Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Early Rheumatoid Arthritis

Objective We aimed to determine relationships between objectively measured nightly sleep, sedentary behavior (SB), light physical activity (LPA), and moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) with risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD) in patients with early rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Furthermore, we aimed to estimate consequences for these risk factors of theoretical displacements of 30 minutes […]

Related Product: Actiheart

Publication Date: February 11, 2021


The independent and interactive associations of physical activity intensity and vitamin D status with bone mineral density in prepubertal children: the PANIC Study

Summary It is unclear how physical activity intensity and vitamin D status are related to bone health in prepubertal children. We found positive associations between vitamin D status and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity with bone in boys and girls. This highlights the importance of lifestyle factors for skeletal health prepuberty. Introduction The sex-specific independent and interactive […]

Related Product: Actiheart

Publication Date: February 5, 2021


Wearable Devices Suitable for Monitoring Twenty Four Hour Heart Rate Variability in Military Populations

Heart rate variability (HRV) measurements provide information on the autonomic nervous system and the balance between parasympathetic and sympathetic activity. A high HRV can be advantageous, reflecting the ability of the autonomic nervous system to adapt, whereas a low HRV can be indicative of fatigue, overtraining or health issues. There has been a surge in […]

Related Product: Actiheart

Publication Date: February 4, 2021


β-Lactoglobulin Elevates Insulin and Glucagon Concentrations Compared with Whey Protein—A Randomized Double-Blinded Crossover Trial in Patients with Type Two Diabetes Mellitus

Whey protein is an insulinotropic fraction of dairy that reduces postprandial glucose levels in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). We have recently shown that β-lactoglobulin (BLG), the largest protein fraction of whey, elevates insulin concentrations compared with iso-nitrogenous whey protein isolate (WPI) in healthy individuals. We therefore hypothesized that BLG pre-meals would lower […]

Related Product: Actiheart

Publication Date: January 22, 2021


Measuring Physical Activity Levels During instructional Settings for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder

A growing number of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) may not possess the motor skills needed to be physically active. In order to address these needs, Camp Nugget is held each summer with the goal of providing quality individualized physical activity instruction to children with disabilities 5 through 12 years of age. The program […]

Related Product: Actiheart

Publication Date: January 1, 2021


Physiological Data Models to Understand the Effectiveness of Drone Operation Training in Immersive Virtual Reality

Data collection using unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) in construction and heavy civil projects is subject to compliance with strict operational rules and safety regulations. Both the US Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) and the European Union Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) require drone operators to keep the drone in sight and avoid flying near people or other […]

Related Product: Actiheart

Publication Date: January 1, 2021


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